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This page provides information on the following:

1) Aims

2)  Definitions of field content

3)  Referencing system for schools

4)  Outcomes for schools

5)  Plans for the future

6)  Copyrights and legals

Please scroll down the page as required.

 

1)  Aims

Victorian Schools in London is intended to be a comprehensive and authoritative source of online information about all the elementary schools built by the School Board for London (SBL) between 1870 and 1904 and by the London County Council (LCC) between 1904 and 1914.  About 630 such schools were built.

 

2)  Definitions of field content

This section defines the meaning of the field names in the individual page for each school in the main school database.

Original Name:  The name by which the school was first known, often that given on the wall plaque.

Current Name:  The name by which the building or site is now known.

Previous Name:  Other names which the building or site has had between 1870 and now.

Current Address:  The modern postal address of the building or site.

Postcode:  The modern postcode of the building or site (may be approximate).

Date of Opening:  The year in which the school opened.

Date of Addition:  The year(s) of known major alterations or enlargements.

Original Architect:  The known or presumed architect of the first school building.

Additional Architect:  The name of the known or presumed architect of any major alterations or enlargements.

Style Type:  A short verbal description of the architectural type of the school.  The options are:  Temporary, Early Competition, Early Robson, Middle Robson, Late Robson, Middle Competition, Early Bailey, Middle Bailey, Late Bailey, Late Competition and Late LCC.

Grading:  A short verbal assessment of the quality of the school. The options are: Outstanding, Classic, Typical, Compromised (the building has been significantly and damagingly altered) and Demolished.

Current Condition:  A short verbal description of the building's current status.

Current Use:  A short verbal description of the building's current use.

Protection:  An indication of whether or not the building is subject to Statutory Listing (usually Grade II) by English Heritage.  For the moment, no attempt has been made to indicate whether the building is in a Conservation Area or is locally listed.

Evidence:  A short note to indicate where the building has been recorded.  "SBL Map 1904" refers to the maps contained in the School Board for London's valedictory publication, Final Report for the School for London 1870-1904.  "LCC: Education Service Particulars for the Year 1914-1915" refers to a gazetteer of schools contained in the London County Council publication, Education Particulars for the Year 1914-1915.  "Andrew Saint Report 1991" refers to the English Heritage document, Report on Listing of London Board Schools (London: unpublished 1991, the work of Elaine Harwood and Andrew Saint).  "Andrew Saint Appendix 1995" refers to the English Heritage document, Appendix to Report on Listing of London Board Schools (London: unpublished 1995, the work of Andrew Saint).  For more detail and any other references, see the References pages.

Comments:  A space for editorial comment.  If the building is listed, the listing description is provided.

 

3)  Referencing system for schools

Most schools have borne a number of names during their history and this can lead to confusion.  In every case this website uses the earliest known name as a primary reference.  In practice, this usually means the name used in either 1904 or 1914.

The SBL normally named their schools after the road in which they stood and this name was included in a plaque on the wall, many of which survive.  To ease tracing using search tools, other names by which the school is now known or has been known in the past are included in the database.  These lists are not exhaustive.

The postal address given is the modern postal address of the site.  Where the school has completely disappeared the postcode is that of the nearest traceable building in use.

Dating schools precisely can be a little awkward.  The normal practice was for the school to start in iron buildings.  These normally remained for two years.  If all went well, a new school would be planned during the first year and then constructed during the second year.  On this website, the "date of opening" given in the LCC list (Education Particulars for the Year 1914-1915) has been used as the date of opening, even though this may be about one year before the date on the wall plaque.

Dating is further complicated by alteration and extension.  Schools, like hospitals, are working institutions and tend to sprawl and alter as the years pass.  Much alteration and addition occurred before 1914.  Often an early school by Robson has had halls added by Bailey in the later nineteenth century.  Major changes were noted in the primary source records and are repeated here.  There are frequently other, later changes: from a whole new inter-war wing down to a prefab in the playground.  Later Bailey schools were planned in totality and then sometimes built in phases.  This can make it difficult to distinguish between phases of construction in complete schools.  There are many incomplete schools where Bailey planned another wing which was never constructed.

 

4)  Outcomes for schools

The intention of this website is to provide statistics on differing outcomes for school buildings here.

Many schools which survive are still in use as primary schools.  Some are in a different but still educational use.  Others have found new uses as offices, workshops, arts centres, residential units, furniture storage centres and mosques.

A number of schools remain but are disused and facing dereliction.

The schools which no longer exist fall into three categories.  Some were demolished many years ago.  A fair number were subject to enemy action during World War II.  There have also been recent demolitions.

 

5)  Plans for the future

In time, this project could expand.  All the buildings of the SBL could be recorded, including the headquarters, divisional and superintendents' offices, teacher training schools, manual instruction, art and science, domestic training, cookery and laundry centres, schools for the blind, deaf, delicate and "mentally defective",  higher grade schools, open air schools, industrial schools, SBL swimming pools and buildings outside London.  There were many such buildings and some are known to remain.

In the long term it would be fruitful to include the schools of other School Boards, starting with those on the fringes of London and moving on to other large urban centres (for example Manchester).

 

6)  Copyrights and legals

Whilst every reasonable effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this website, the author cannot be held responsible for the financial or other consequences of any taken in reliance on this information.  In particular, purchasers of interests in land should not place reliance on any statement made on this website and should make their own enquiries of the vendor or relevant authorities.

The right of Tim Walder to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

The photographs on this website were taken by Tim Walder, James Hall and Frederick Wolff.  The work of each is identified and the photographs remain copyright of the respective photographer.

All photos were taken from publicly accessible land during school holidays.  No photo contains the image of any child.  Any photograph which is found to inadvertently represent a child will be removed from the website.

Where a school enjoys the Statutory Protection afforded by Listed Status, the details of the listing and the listing description are given.  This text is the intellectual property of English Heritage and is thus Crown Copyright.  It is here reproduced under the terms of Click-Use Licence Number C2008002390.  For more information on terms and conditions for the use of this text please visit the Office for Public Sector Information's website at www.opsi.gov.uk